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start The BEST way to SECURE Windows! Tips&Trix Contact
Mail: info@WinGuider.se?subject=Webquestion: start
start The BEST way to SECURE Windows! Tips&Trix Contact

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© 2003 Thomas Ekström / WinGuider.se

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A purchased and paid guide may be used for all computers provided by the immediate family (registered at the buyer's address/residence).

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Genuine economic associations & public schools own after a purchase of the guide the right to use the guide free of charge in the business.


Other associations, small business owners, etc. Should contact info@WinGuider.se for annual symbolic fee of €10 per computer and €1 per year per user excl. Vat! (An association with 2 computers and 10 users thus pays: €20 + €10 = €30 per year.. Excluding. VAT!)

WinGuider An IT professional for your safety!

WinGuider.se run by an IT SECURITY PRO!

With over 20 years of experience in everything from IT support to anti-virus management for 15,000+ users.

Via Investigation of various computer malwares, to block the malwares to ordinary IT security.

I am trained in Windows, windows security, virus protection, etc. I have professionally secured Windows correctly since 1997!

WinGuides is an abbreviation of: Windows Guides = WinGuides.. The goal is to deliver professional guides for installing Windows to regular people..

WinGuider.se/en VALUED TIPS & TRIX!

There are too many myths about Computers, about Windows, About Security, etc.

This is WinGuider's page where we slowly but surely sort out what really applies..

Myths like "Windows is less secure than Linux" (the answers you see on the rest of the site) to the fact that "The paging file can be turned off if you have enough RAM", to the myths that you should install "Cleaners, Boosters, DriverDownloaders", registry cleaners, etc. When these are a relic of the early PC Stone Age (Windows 3.11/ Win95 etc.)


THE EASIEST WAY TO CREATE MORE SECURE PASSWORDS,
IS TO USE THE POPULAR: WinGuider-method

Passwords are much more important than most people think.. Which is shown in the list of the most common passwords!

As everyone understands, ALL these passwords are far too easy to figure out, which is often the reason why different accounts/apps are "Hacked"..

You can easily avoid this "hacking" by using the popular WINGUIDER-METHOD to create more secure, proper passwords that at the same time are easy to remember and easy to type..

The WinGuider-method is that you make up a sentence of at least 8 words, you then enter the 1st character of each word as a password..

The sentence "My cat Meow has black and white fur" forms the secure password: McMhbawf or McMhb&wf. This is much safer than using the partner's, children's, pets, etc. names, dates of birth, etc. that too many people use as passwords.

WinGuider-Method is so simple that you can easily teach it to both children and the elderly.. And everyone in between.

HOW TO EASILY SHARE FILES IN WITHIN YOUR HOME NETWORK!

Shared folders are an often forgotten feature built into Windows..

This article will try to give you a picture of what they can be used for and show how easy it is to use these folders..

Windows built-in "Shared Folders" (public folders in eng.) can be easily used to share files with OTHER USERS ON THE SAME COMPUTER, or with OTHER COMPUTERS ON THE SAME LOCAL NETWORK.

SO WHERE DO I FIND THESE FOLDER?

If you start Windows File Explorer, and scroll to "C:\users\shared" you will see all of these folders. (All local users can always access ALL these folders by scrolling through to the folders. Users on other computers must connect to these folders..)

The folders initially contain no files, so users must copy the desired files to the respective Folder.

And YES! If necessary, you may create new folders in addition to those that already exist..

Ok!  THE FOLDERS ARE IN MY COMPUTER, BUT HOW DO I DISTRIBUTE THE FOLDERS TO OTHER COMPUTERS???
Access to these folders over the network is normally disabled, so each computer must manually enable the access to these folders.. Here's how it's done:

1: Open control panel, select: Network and Sharing Center, Choose: Open advanced sharing settings,

2: Under "Private Network", "Enable Network Discovery", and "Enable File and Printer Sharing" shall be enabled (highlighted),

3: Then click on "Arrow DOWN icon" at: ALL NETWORKS. Select: Enable sharing so that anyone with network access can..., And let "protect file sharing connections.. With 128bit encryption.." be activated.. (For stronger protection),

 4: Under "Password-protected sharing" you can choose:
a) Enabling password-protected sharing that allows only users who have an account on YOUR COMPUTER to access the shared folders from OTHER COMPUTERS, if they enter login credentials when they connect their computer to yours.. The downside is that ALL users must have logged on to ALL computers.

B) If you instead choose to select "disable password-protected sharing", each user who has a computer plugged into your local network will have access to your shared folders.. (Guests should only be able to access your guest network)

Note! If you choose option B, it is very important that you in your routers (eg. "Broadband Divides) settings please check 2 things:

-Enable GUEST NETWORKS, so all your visitors can get internet access without accessing your private shared files.. (This is because guest networks run in their own "channel" completely alongside your private network..)

- check that A(ccess)P(oint)-isolation is NOT enabled (if it is on, no computer can see any other computer or even a shared printer) Please see your routers manual for more help...

DARE TO REFUSE UNNECESSARY ADMIN LOGIN!

Your computer stays both more secure & more stable if you stop logging in as an administrator all the time.

see eg: Default account against Admin account, In short so if you always log in as Administrator (which you always do if you entered your name at the end of the installation process) then you can not only damage your computer by mistake, but you invite all viruses etc. As you come across, your ADMINISTRATIVE PERMISSIONS so they too are allowed to damage your computer's installation, your security and all your files..

To always sign in as administrator is as if a bank where all employees goes home at  5 PM but no one locks any doors or vaults.. =  Everything is left wide open for attack.

Ev. Antivirus programs usually have a larger or smaller lag before it learns what is harmful or not, so they usually react only WHEN your computer is already infected and your files are encrypted or similar.
If not antivirus programs did not have this lag, then surely most viruses, Trojans, etc. should already be eradicated.. And they're not. Right,?

There is only one way to harden your computer against malicious behaviors, malicious files, and external attacks.. Namely, to install and use Windows correctly. THAT'S EXACTLY WHAT WINGUIER.SE /EN HELPS YOU WITH THROUGH OUR INSTALLATION GUIDES! (Plus a lot more!) For only €15incl. vat! (That's cheaper and better than your computer-store!) And don't worry! UAC will still help you to "become admin" when needed!

GET THE SUPERSIMPLE INSTALLATIONGUIDE FOR WINDOWS 10!
A short fast, 3in1-"step by step" instruction guide that fits ALL, Pure beginners & up!






    USUALLY €24,9 Incl. VAT! NOW ONLY €15 (UNTIL THE END OF SEPTEMBER 2020)
Payment is made securely and quickly via PAYPAL! After payment, you will be redirected to a download page, so please turn off any Pop-up blockers etc.

THE TRUTH ABOUT WINDOWS PAGING FILE!

HOW IS IT USED? SHOULD YOU DISABLE YOUR PAGE-FILE??

As a WINDOWS TECHNICIAN, you are regularly appalled by all the lousy tweaking/optimization advice that abounds on the internet, and the advice that disabling windows paging is one of the most common directly inaccurate "optimizations" that ignorant people diligently disseminate.

Let's examine some of the myths surrounding the swap file and expose them once and for all.

So what is the Windows paging file used for??

Simply put, ALL operating systems use a paging file to release RAM when that particular memory is no longer actively used.. For example, if you have 20 tabs opened in your browser.. You may use one or two of these diligently.. The others hold inactive data (you don't use these tabs). These other 18 tabs then, needlessly, only take up a lot of RAM to absolutely no avail..

HERE COMES THE MEMORY MANAGER INTO THE PICTURE.. Its job is to keep track of all memory (Physical Memory (=RAM) as virtual (paging file & temp files) and ensure that ALL memory is used as EFFICIENTLY as possible.. And in the situation above, with many inactive tabs opened in the browser, the memory manager moves away, the currently inactive data (acc. Special rules), from ram to paging file..

THIS FREES UP RAM FOR OTHER THINGS! (As if, for example, you were to Can Start Word)..

If no paging file is available then the computer would soon run out of physical (RAM) memory and a bunch of problems occur.. (You'll see error messages that there's not enough memory, etc.)

So that data is temporarily moved to the paging file, it does NOT adversely affect performance, quite the contrary.. So YES! The paging file must be present and used, and it must be of an adequate size..

All the GUIDES that WinGuider  offers has automatically ensured that each installation receives a fixed paging file of 5Gb. Which is more than enough for private use! And NO! The computer DOES NOT FILL UP the paging file, just because it exists. The only thing this setting does is to reduce the hard drive area by 5Gb from programs etc. Something that very rarely is a problem..

The normal setting, with a very small initial paging file that Windows later CAN expand in size when the need arises, has several drawbacks. The biggest is that it takes a lot of processing power to expand the paging file, which is usually unfortunate because the computer is usually at its most loaded, just when more paging is needed.. So that the paging file is fixed (as large a minimum size as maximum size) then provides only benefits. The computer has enough paging file when needed, without wasting processing power because the paging file is already there...

Cf. This against the cost of a few Gb less disk area to programs, etc.. In most cases, this is a pure performance gain for your computer..

COMMON MYTHS:

1: ”YOU HAVE SO MUCH RAM THAT YOU CAN DISABLE THE PAGING FILE”

Already here you can see that there is a total lack of knowledge about how computers work.. No matter how much memory you have, all computer systems are built to use a paging file..

The claim seems to stem from the fact that the paging file would be something negative, which burdens the computer.. However, based on the explanation above, you should now understand that only (currently) INACTIVE data is temporarily transferred to the paging file.. This precisely to free-make RAM!

The big problem with disabling the paging file is that after you exhaust the available RAM, your applications will start crashing, as there is no virtual memory for Windows to allocate – and worst case crashes or becomes the Windows system unstable. And if it's a program that crashes, it goes down hard – there's no time to save your work or do anything else. This causes loss of the data that has not yet been saved.. That is Very bad!

CLAIM NO:1 IS THUS DIRECTLY FALSE AND ONLY DAMAGES THE FUNCTION OF YOUR COMPUTER!

2: ”THE PAGING FILE SHALL BE AT LEAST 1,5 Times PHYSICAL RAM”

This claim was true in the early PC Stone Age, when drivers often malfunctioned and crashed servers and computers. In order to solve the problem (so it did not occur again) THEN YOU HAD TO HAVE FULL MEMORY DUMP (ie. FULL RAM + a little more, so the system could work helpfully during the crash DUMP process). Therefore, it was considered at THAT TIME that the paging file should be at least 1.5 times the RAM. And today, a full memory dump is no longer required (especially not in privately owned computers) so there is no longer any REASON for this "minimum requirement.. Why this rule has lost its function.

Today, ALL CORRECT drivers are certified for Windows 10 and very rarely cause these problems. Therefore, no one needs to have a full memory dump anymore, wherein the size of the paging file does not really have any connection to the amount of RAM!  Note! WinGuider's guides automatically specify a minimal memory dump of 256Kb and set a fixed paging file á 5Gb which is good enough in 99% of cases.

CLAIM NO:2 IS THEREFORE NO LONGER RELEVANT! = A MISUNDERSTANDING!

3: ”THE PAGING FILE SHALL BE PLACED ON ANOTHER HARD DRIVE"

This myth is based on that, IF you have an extra PHYSICAL hard drive in your computer, you can reduce the load on the hard drive that Windows is installed on. And earlier, in the early PC-STONE AGE, when hard drives were slow with low read and write speed, there was some truth to this, when by moving the main paging file to the second hard drive you could reduce the load slightly, but you had to keep a small paging file of a few hundred Mb on C: Since the eventlogging requires this.

In reality, it is actually not written much to the paging file, BUT.. Even today you still have to have a small paging file on c: Since logging requires this..

And today you also have such fast hard drives that it doesn't matter, performance-wise, anymore.. Much thanks to the fact that the data written to the paging file is written in portions of 4k which is usually handled by the hard disk cache, so today it makes less sense to move most of the paging file to hard disk no:2..

CLAIM NO:3 IS TODAY ONLY PARTIALLY TRUE! DEPENDING ON THE APPLICATIONS USED IN THE COMPUTER!

THE ANSWER TO THE QUESTION: WHEN SHOULD THE PAGING FILE BE DISABLED = NEVER EVER!

IIn an ordinary installation of Windows, you may possibly switch to a FIXED paging file (=enter the same initial value as the maximum value) whileIn a computer installed with a WinGuider-installation, you probably NEVER need to change the pagefile settings.

If your computer has performance problems, INCREASE THE AMOUNT OF RAM, AND INSTALL THE COMPUTER CORRECTLY (eg. Via WinGuiders guides), check if any software needs to be upgraded due to Memory leakage, etc.

If your computer  has a small amaunt of RAM, Like 4Gb of RAM etc., then its best to stop using memory-intensive browsers (like Chrome and firefox), instead you should use the built-in EDGE as a browser. And have fewer tabs and applications up and running at the same time.

IS WINDOWS FORCING YOU TO USE A PIN-CODE? EVEN THOUGH YOU DON'T WANT TO!

No one knows why Microsoft forces people to use a PIN-CODE to log on to their Windows PCs, since it really does not make any sense! Microsoft claims that a unique pin per Windows computer is more secure than a password that is used on all Windows Computers..

But unfortunately, PIN-CODES only lead to people using THE SAME PIN-CODE ON ALL THEIR WINDOWS PCs.

Something that is WORSE than using a (longer & stronger) password..

ALL YOU NEED TO DO, TO GET RID OF YOUR PIN-CODE AND RETURN TO SIGNING IN WITH A PASSWORD IS:

CLICK ON THE TEXT "LOGIN OPTIONS" and then click on the RIGHT icon (the "Microsoft Account Password") and after this, ALL your login with your account on that computer will be done via the Microsoft account password!

IF YOU ARE GREETED WITH THE : WELCOME TO THE WINDOWS BOX WHEN YOU SIGN IN TO YOUR COMPUTER!

Microsoft trying to teach you how to use built-in features.. For example, to use a PIN-code (see above), Activity History, and your PHONE app.. And therefore, updates will poke for this via just "WELCOME TO THE WINDOWS box"

When it appears, you prefer to choose: CONTINUE (if you do this later, this box will return as close),

And sure you can get a pin that should be unique to that particular computer, but as everyone knows, people always use the same password to ALL their online services.. Equally, it will be with these pin codes.. Thus, the same pin code for all their Windows computers.. Which gives lesser SECURITY than passwords give..

If you want, enter a PIN. E.g. YEAR MONTH.' (2006) and at the next login choose to follow the above way to get rid of the pin-code requirement.. (If you choose instead: "Do this later" Microsoft will bombard you with pin code requirements)

You then have THE OPTION to activate: ACTIVITY HISTORY!

Here you should choose YES! If not for other reasons so that IF you are forced to switch to a new computer, you will regain your history, etc.

LINK YOUR PHONE!

This is the same as you start the app: YOUR PHONE on your computer and follow the instructions.

You can then, among other things, Read & send TEXT-messages via your computer (if your phone is connected to WI-FI). A handy feature that an incredible number of people miss to activate..

WHEN You're done. Select: close