LEARN HOW TO INSTALL WINDOWS 11 (& 10) IN THE CORRECT WAY!
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Practical & fun tips and tricks for both Windows 10 and Windows 11
This is WinGuider's page about Windows, its management, its features and at the same time we take the opportunity to reveal various incorrect MYTHS about Windows.
The tips are, for example, About how to easily create SAFER passwords that are at the same time easy to remember (which is important) as well as easy to enter (at least as important), (A method that you SHOULD teach your children so they do not have to "get hacked" thanks to overly simple passwords).
And of course, tips on how to better protect your computer, how to easily share files with each other on your home network, HOW TO DOWNLOAD WINDOWS 10/11 TO YOUR USB -THUMB DRIVE BEFORE YOU INSTALL YOUR PC, and more…
NOTE! This page is updated regularly, so check in from time to time for more, new tips & tricks!
You need a computer with internet and a USB stick (thumb drive) of at least 8Gb!
NOTE! ALL DATA ON THE USB STICK WILL BE DELETED!
Let's start from the beginning! If you have a computer with an empty hard drive, you may have inserted a newly purchased hard drive into your old computer, or you just want to install Windows 10/11! Then follow these instructions!
To begin with, you need a USB stick of at least 8GB.
Licenses can be purchased on the Internet (Select win10 HOME or PRO), If your computer already has a valid license, it will be used, so you do not need to buy a new license!
When you have the USB stick, plug it into your computer (preferably in a blue socket ):
FOR WINDOWS 11: Click on this link: Microsoft webpage for Windows 11
Scroll down to: ”Create Windows 11 Installation Media”, select: Download NOW…
FOR WINDOWS 10: Click on this link: Microsoft webpage for Windows 10
Scroll down to: ”Create Windows 10 installation media”, Välj: Download tool NOW
(Then continue here:)
Save the file to your computer's SHARED DOWNLOADS-folder (C:\Users\Public\Downloads), Sign in with a ADMINISTRATORS-account (NOTE! Media creation tool will only work if you are signed in with an administrator account).
Start File-Explorer, in the address bar above: type: %Public% Press Enter!, You'll now see all of your computer's SHARED FOLDERS, double-click: Downloads,
There you find the file: MEDIA CREATION TOOL
double-click on that file, accept the UAC.
Read & Approve the license, Then select: Create installation media for another computer, Select: Windows XX (and 64-bitar for Windows 10).
Select YOUR USB-STICK, Then select: Create Media, Wait until it's ready, then select: finish
Now you have a USB stick ready for your upcoming installation of Windows XX.
NOTE! For best results, you should purchase one of WinGuider's installation instructions and extract the attached HELP FILES to your USB stick as instructed in it´s section: PREPARATION
Then you connect your newly created USB stick to the computer to be installed (for whatever reason), start the computer, immediately tap THE CORRECT FUNCTION KEY repeatedly so that you may enter the: bootmenu where you select your USB-stick to temporarily boot (boot) the computer from..
If you have purchased an installation instruction, this help is available in the PDF-file along with instructions on how to proceed hereafter to install Windows in THE BEST AND CORRECT, WAY!
Extra high security
In the SIMPLEST way
For everyone, beginners and the experienced! And everyone in between
To the Windows 11 Setup guide
PASSWORDS ARE MORE IMPORTANT THAN PEOPLE MAY UNDERSTAND!
BAD PASSWORDS DESTROYS JUST ABOUT ALL SECURITY
As everyone understands, ALL passwords in the link above, are far too easy to guess, Easy-to-use passwords are the MAIN reason why different accounts/apps get "Hacked".
(Actually, they never get "HACKED", the hackers have only guessed their way to the password)
The easiest way to avoid being subject to this type of "hacking", is by using the popular WINGUIDER-METHOD to create way more securepasswords that, at the same time, are both easy to remember and easy to enter..
The WinGuider method is where you make up a sentence with at least 8 words, then enter the 1st character in each word as the password..
The password sentence: "My cat Mjau has black and white fur" will form the much more secure password: McMhbawf or McMhb&wf (depending on HOW you choose to enter it!). This is a far more secure password than using your partner's, children's, pet's, etc. name, date of birth, etc. something that too many people use for passwords. OBSERVE! That even if you use a PIN or facial recognition to sign in to your computer, your password is always in the background, and if you use a Microsoft account, anyone who have successfully guessed your password can easily sign in to your account via a web browser, from anywhere in the world. So, YES, it's really important to use a password that's NOT easily hacked!
If you also happen to use the SAME email-account or the SAME password for your social-medias and other internet-based services, then you run VERY HIGH RISK OF LOSING CONTROL OF ALL THE DATA CONTAINED IN THESE!
Therefore, use the WinGuider method to create new, more secure passwords for each of these! (Tips! If you have verified your account on your computer, then THE AUTHENTICATION MANAGER may keep track of your online pass-words (and YES! These are also protected by your password!)
As you can see, the WinGuider Method is so easy to use that you can easily teach it to both children and the elderly. And everyone in between. If you use it, this will greatly reduce the risk of your accounts being "hacked" or hijacked! (Also perform the next TIP to protect your self even better)
WITH THIS METHOD, WHICH IS BUILT INTO WINDOWS, YOU MAY IN THE SIMPLEST WAY SHARE FILES WITH: 1: OTHER USERS OF THE SAME COMPUTER AND/OR 2: OTHER COMPUTERS ON YOUR HOME NETWORK
THE BUILT-IN FEATURE: PUBLIC FOLDERS IS AN OFTEN NEGLECTED FUNCTION..
This article will try to give you a picture of what the public folders can be used for and show how easy it is to use these shared folders.
Windows has a built-in feature to share folders that easily can be used to share files with other users on the same computer, or with other computers on the same local network. Since these folders are SEPARATED from your own user folders, your private files always remain private!
SO! WHERE CAN I FIND THESE FOLDERS?
If you start Windows file-Explorer, and scroll to "C:\Users\Public" You will see all these folders.
If you copy files or folders to any of these folders, then all of your computers user-accounts can access ANY of these files/folders by scrolling to the folders. Sharing to other computers is disabled by default, but can be enabled by the following instructions, so users on other computers can connect to these folders.. (so you don't have to email, run with USB sticks, etc. to share files)
The folders initially do not contain any files, so users must copy the desired files to the respective Folder.
And YES! If necessary, you can create new folders in the folders that already exist.
OK! I FOUND THE FOLDERS IN MY COMPUTER, BUT HOW DO I MAKE SURE OTHER COMPUTERS CAN ACCESS THESE?
Access to these folders over the network is normally disabled, so each computer that will SHARE folders must enable access to these manually.
Here's how it´s done:
1: Open controlpanel, Select: NetWork and internet, Open: Network and sharing center, as well as: Change advanced sharing settings,
2: Under "Private (current profile)", select: "Enable network discovery" and "Enable automatic configuration of.."
3: And make sure that "Enable file and printer sharing" is enabled, Then click on the "DOWN Arrow icon" at: ALL NETWORKS.
4: Select: Enable sharing so that anyone with network access can read..., make sure that "protect file sharing connections" With 128bit encryption.." is enabled.. (For a stronger protection),
5: Under "Password-protected sharing", you SHOULD opt for: "disable password-protected sharing", each user who has a computer plugged into your local network thus gets access to your shared folders..
Since everyone who accesses your home network will also access your shared folders, all your guests should connect to a GUEST NETWORK .
You need to activate a guest network (and give it a separate password using the WinGuider method) in your Router (see its manual for instructions)
Observe! It is very important that you check 2 things in your router's settings:
-Make sure that A(ccess)P(oint)-isolation NOT enabled (if it´s enabled, no computer can "see" any other computer or even a shared printer) Please see in your router's manual for more help...
-Enable GUEST NETWORKS, so all your visitors can access the internet but without accessing your private shared files. (A guest network runs in its own "channel" entirely alongside your private home network.. Guests will then not be able to access your shared folders)
Once you've done this, you no longer need to run around with USB sticks, send files via email, or share optional OneDrive folders.
You can find and download them faster and MORE SECUREly straight from the sharing computers public (shared) folders!
HOW IS IT USED! WHAT SIZE SHOULD IT HAVE? AND WHEN SHOULD IT BE DISABLED!
As an experienced, well-trained WINDOWS technician, one is regularly appalled by all the lousy tweaking & optimization advice that abounds on the Internet, and the advice on disabling Windows paging file is one of the most common outright inaccurate "optimizations" that inexperienced people diligently spread.
Let's investigate some of the most common myths surrounding the paging file (also
called Swapfile) and expose them once and for all.
(Swapfile is the same thing but for Windows UWP APPS, earlier the paging file was called SWAPfile, but this has now been changed to PAGEfile)
How is the Windows paging file really used?
Simply put, ALL operating systems (including Windows) use a paging file to free up RAM by passed on things in memory that are no longer actively used to a TEMPORARY STORAGE LOCATION, and since the data is not in use, it does not matter that the storage location (hard drive) is slow compared to the RAM.. In addition, the data sent to the paging file is moved in SMALL portions á 4Kb at a time, so most of it only ends up in the hard drive CACHE from where it is later written to the hard drive itself.
Simply explained: If you work with 6 different word documents at the same time, and you may be using one or two of these diligently. Then the other 4 word processes are inactive (because you don't use (write or read) these documents). So, of these 6 open documents, 4 of these (inactive) documents and their associated word processes only use (block) a lot of RAM to absolutely no avail..
THIS IS WHERE WINDOWS MEMORY MANAGER STEPS INTO THE PICTURE.. Its task is to keep track of all memory (physical memory (=RAM) as virtual (RAM, paging file & temp files together) and make sure that ALL this memory is used as efficiently as possible..
- And in the situation above, with many inactive word processes & documents open,
then the memory manager chooses to move the currently inactive data (according to
special rules) AWAY from the RAM to the paging file.. (Which, initially, usually
ends up in the disk cache) so MORE RAM will be available for other processes.
THE PAGING FILE THUS HELPS TO FREE UP RAM FOR OTHER THINGS!
(For example, as if you decide to start a new program) Therefor the pagefile actually helps to increase your computer's performance!
If the paging file instead had been disabled, then the computer would soon run out of physical (RAM) memory (thanks to the fact that lots of inactive data still would remain in the RAM, as there is nowhere to move it) then a lot of different problems would have occurred (Among other things, error messages that there "is not enough memory" had been displayed, programs begin crashing, etc.)
(But in real life, Windows had tried to save itself by creating a paging file, which, however, uses a whole lot of processing power, and thus the computer's performance had been lowered EVEN MORE!, the setting "no paging file" really only means that WINDOWS should not CREATE a paging file when Windows is booted! However, Windows CAN always create one when Windows is running!)
So the fact that INACTIVE data CAN temporarily be moved to a paging file, DOES NOT adversely affect performance at all, quite the opposite. So YES! The paging file must be enabled and used, and it must be of an adequate size. This is necessary for the operation and performance of the computer.
The WinGuider UNIQUE Help files included in ALL OUR GUIDES AUTOMATICALLY ensure that each installed computer receives a fixed 5Gb paging file right from the start.. (Both the initial & maximum size = 5120Mb) This is usually more than enough for private use!
And NO! Windows does NOT populate the paging file, just because it exists.
The only thing this setting does is to ensure that there is will always be free space in the paging file when ever any data needs to be written to it.
Note! This setting reduces the free space of the hard drive by 5Gb. But it is very rarely a problem..
NOTE! The default paging file setting, with a very small initial paging file that
Windows can expand in size once the need arises, has several drawbacks.
The main drawback is that it takes a lot of processing power to expand the size of an existing paging file, which is usually unfortunate because the computer is usually working with it´s heawiest load, precisely at the moments when more paging file is needed.. (A bit of a catch-22)
-However, having a FIXED PAGEFILE (where the intitial size and maximum size are the same) only provides advantages. The computer will always have enough free space in the paging file, when needed, without having to waste any processing power at all, as the free space in the paging file is already there… Compare this against the cost of getting a few Gb less to programs, etc.. In most cases, this is a pure performance gain for any computer..
NOW LET'S LOOK AT A COUPLE OF COMMON MYTHS ABOUT THE PAGING FILE:
1: "YOUR COMPUTER HAS SO MUCH RAM THAT YOU CAN DISABLE THE PAGING FILE"
This shows a complete lack of knowledge about how computers actually work. (This is often recommended by the same people who claim that it is OK to always sign in with the computers Administrators-account for everyday use and/or claim that antivirus is not needed if you use "common sense" etc.) In fact, no matter how much memory a computer has, all computer systems are built to use a paging file for performance reasons..
The claim seems to stem from a delusion that the paging file would be something negative, something that burdens the computer.. Based on the explanation above, you should now understand that only (currently) INACTIVE data is temporarily transferred to the paging file. After all, this actually frees up RAM for any process that needs RAM!!
The big problem with disabling the paging file is that once ALL your available RAM is filled, then your applications will start crashing, as there is no virtual memory for Windows to allocate - and in worst case, the entire Windows system crashes, or it will become unstable..
And if it's a program that crashes, then it goes down hard — then will be no time to save your work or do anything else, if you, lets say work in a word document, this would cause a total loss of all the data that you have not yet saved. It is very bad!
MYTH NO.1 IS THEREFORE FALSE, AND ONLY HARMS THE PERFORMANCE OF THE COMPUTER!
MYTH NO. 2: "THE PAGING FILE SHOULD BE AT LEAST 1.5 TIMES PHYSICAL RAM”
This claim was true in the early Stone Age of PC´s, when drivers often malfunctioned and thus crashing servers and computers. So in order to be able to solve the problem (and avoid the same serious errors occurring again) YOU HAD TO HAVE A FULL MEMORY DUMP (= THE ENTIRE RAM + a little more, this "little extra" made sure that the computer system would work helpfully during the crash-DUMP process).
Therefore, at that time (the early Stone Age of PC´s) it was considered that the paging file should be at least 1.5 times the RAM.
But today, when a full memory dump is no longer required (and certainly not in privately owned computers) so there is no longer any reason whatsoever for this "minimum requirement". Today this rule has lost its function.
Today, ALL CORRECT drivers are certified for Windows 10 and very rarely cause similar problems. Therefore, no one needs to configure a full memory dump anymore, thus making the size of the paging file no longer related to the amount of RAM! Observe! WinGuider's unique help-files automatically changes the memory-dump setting from full memory dump to a minimal memory dump of 256Kb which, This together with the 5Gb fixed paging file, will be more than sufficient in 99% of cases.
MYTH #2 IS NO LONGER RELEVANT. = A PURE MISUNDERSTANDING!
Myth #3: "THE PAGING FILE SHOULD BE PLACED ON ANOTHER HARD DRIVE"
This myth is based on the fact that, if you have an extra PHYSICAL hard drive in your computer, you reduce the load on the hard drive that Windows is installed on. And earlier when IDE-hard drives were used, they were slow with low read and write speeds, THEN there was some truth in this, That if you would move the largest paging file to another, less used, hard drive THEN you could reduce the load on the Windows hard drive somewhat, but NOTE! Even then, you always had to have AT LEAST one small paging file of a few hundred Mb left on C: because, among other things, Windows log management requires this.
In reality, not much is written to the paging file at all, BUT.. Even today, you still need to have a small paging file of c: (few hundred Mb)
but today when everyone have fast hard drives, that also have a very large CACHE memory, the fact that the data written to the paging file in such small portions that most of this is usually handled by the hard disk cache, moving the pagefile to another drive makes less sense for performance reasons.
MYTH #3 IS ONLY PARTIALLY TRUE TODAY. If you have a really small "C:" you CAN move part of the paging file to another hard drive!
SO THE ANSWER TO THE QUESTION: WHEN CAN THE PAGING FILE BE DISABLED IS: NEVER EVER!
In a regular Windows installation, you can instead switch to a FIXED paging file (=enter the same initial value as the maximum value) while in a computer installed with a WinGuiders 3i1 installation, you will probably never need to change any settings for the paging file. (But you can, if you want to!)
And if your computer has performance problems, begin by increasing the amount of physical RAM, and then install if the computer correctly (e.g. Via WinGuider's guides), also check if any software needs to be upgraded to patch any memory leaks, and other performance reducing issues.
If your computer have a small amount of RAM, such as 4Gb, etc., then it's best to stop using memory-intensive browsers (like Chrome and Firefox), and instead use the built-in EDGE. And make sure to have fewer tabs and fewer programs running at the same time. Det var väl det mesta om Windows växlingsfil!
AS YOU CAN SEE, THERE HAVE BEEN MORE ERRONEOUS MYTHS (FALSEHOODS) ABOUT WINDOWS PAGING FILE THAN TRUTHS HAVE BEEN SPREAD!
Since WinGuider has been continuously trained in WINDOWS, Windows technology, and Windows security since 1996, WinGuider has the deep expertise required not to be fooled by these false myths.
AND NO! Your computer's performance is NOT improved by installing different: optimizers, tuneup, cleaners, etc. These only give you the same effect as sugar pills. You believe that your computer will be faster, but you are only fooling yourself.
And often that kind of program is the REASON for your unexplained blue screens, error messages and hangings, etc...
Microsoft has been working hard to optimize memory management, file system, performance, security, etc. So most of the benefits that these software promises, has already been built into Windows by Microsoft..
The only program you need to get more free space on your hard drive is already built into Windows. Namely, Disk cleanup! If you choose to "clean system files", it will remove saved installation packages from Windows update (if case you would like to uninstall an update), as well as the frequently requested: Windows.OLD folder. The easiest way to get rid of the Windows.old folder is via Disk Cleanup!
PROTECT YOUR ACCOUNTS FROM UNWANTED PASSWORD CHANGES!
This is done by entering your Gmail/Apple account as a security for your Microsoft account password! And vice versa!
If someone manages to log in with your account and tries to change the password (to hijack your account), a question of whether or not to change the password will be allowed is sent to your other email account. This prevents your accounts from being "hacked". After all, the hacker must have access to BOTH of these accounts, which they rarely have (unless you have the same password for your MS-account as to your gmail/apple account, something you of course should not have)
Begin with starting EDGE and browse to: https://account.microsoft.com/ and Sign in.
Scroll dows to: SECURITY, Select the: Security dashboard, enter your password/PIN etc.
Opt for: Advanced security options, Select to: Send a code by email, enter the email address for your gmail/apple account,
If you wish, you can enter: SSa a code and type your mobile phone number, Now you have protected the password to your MS-account! Now repeat the same procedure to set your Microsoft email account as security for your gmail/apple password!
When you are done, these are used every time you click on the function ”forgot password” and you can securely approve a Password Change.
Now close edge via its upper right ”X”.
ON GENERAL REQUEST:
HOW TO GET WINDOWS 10/11 (license required)
USE THE WINGUIDER-METHOD TO EASILY CREATE MORE SECURE PASSWORDS THAT ARE EASY TO REMEMBER AND EASY TO ENTER
LEARN HOW EASY IT IS TO SHARE FILES WITHIN YOUR HOME NETWORK!
THE TRUTH ABOUT WINDOWS PAGING FILE!
TIPS & TRIX FOR WINDOWS
|HOW TO BEST SECURE MY PC!|